⇒ Many intellectuals tend to see India since independence as an area of darkness.
⇒ Even, S. Gopal, one of the tallest Indian historians said that with the passage of time Nehru ere faded away which also resulted into fading of golden age. (High aspirations, High nationalism seemed to be lost by the time)
⇒ India even after 50 years of independence was strangled by various problems like mass poverty, gross inequality, intolerable illiteracy, social injustice, gender discrimination, social oppression, corruption, casteism and communalism and poor quality of life in general.
⇒ It does not mean that India didn’t progress. We have achieved a substantial amount of all-round progress click here for more information About New Millenium .
⇒ India has achieved a great success on this part.
⇒ Problems with the current national unity:
ii)Regional economic and developmental disparities leading to demand for a separate state
iii) Right Wing Extremism (generally termed as ‘Naxalism’)
⇒ Factors that contributed to national unity:
ii) Economic Development
iii) Genuine efforts of the government
iv) Rise in the number of state parties which helped to put a regional question at the central level
v) Favorable laws for the tribal people
DEMOCRATIC POLITICAL SYSTEMS
⇒ Indira Gandhi attributed political success as the greatest success after 1947.
⇒ Our political system is federal, secular & has a multi party system. All this has contributed to political stability.
⇒ Even though collation government exists today they still protect the constitution to the fullest & that is a real miracle.
⇒ Though Communist (says that the current government consists of elites only) & Communalists Parties (underlines the caste demands in the politics) still use their own tactics to win in the political arena but they with the time have got defenders of the constitution. Use of the respective tactics remain only for political purpose & has no further significance.