Anti-Manual Scavenging Bill Passed By Parliament

The Parliament has passed ‘Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Bill, 2012’.

Bill Passed By Parliament

What is Manual Scavenging?

  • Manual Scavenging is the process of disposal of human waste from the unsanitary dry toilets devoid of a connection to the sewer system.
  • Though a legislation was passed in India in 1993 banning manual scavenging, however, it failed owing to the lack of awareness and execution.

Main Features

  • It Prohibits: employment of manual scavengers, the manual cleaning of sewers and septic tanks without protective equipment, and the construction of insanitary latrines.
  • It seeks to rehabilitate manual scavengers and provide for their alternative employment.
  • Its illegal to have or build insanitary latrines
  • They must be replaced with sanitary ones
  • The cost of insanitary latrines demolition and conversion to sanitary one will be borne by the occupier.
  • Each local authority, cantonment board and railway authority is tasked with surveying insanitary latrines and constructing sanitary ones within its jurisdiction.
  • The District Magistrate and the local authority shall be the implementing authorities.
  • Offences under the Bill shall be cognizable and non-bailable attracting up to five years imprisonment.

The purpose

  • Existing laws have not proved adequate in eliminating the twin evils of insanitary latrines and indignity of manual scavenging which goes against the fundamental right to live with dignity .
  • To ensure the safety of the workers by reducing the serious health hazard the manual scavenging comprise
  • To promote the use of technology for scavenging
  • To rehabilitate manual scavengers and their families


  • Delhi became the first state in India to ban manual scavenging in February 2013.

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